Description

As in the rest of the country, the province of Sindh also suffered enormously through the Floods of 2010. Even before the affected communities were able to pick up the pieces, excessive rains in Lower Sindh produced a greater disaster than ever before.

Clearly, the enormity of the disaster in the aftermath of the 2011 floods requires innovative solutions for providing shelter to a vast majority at an accelerated pace.

The latest figures indicate that at least 0.8 million houses are either fully or partially damaged (PDM A Sindh/OCH A). When viewed in the context of the background of 2010 floods, we know that last year only a fraction of the required housing units could be built due to various constraints. It is clear that conventional approaches are once again likely to prove inadequate in the face of a much greater calamity, where the devastation has spread over a vastly extended area with a much greater number of displaced households.

Clearly, it has become imperative to devise low cost alternative ap- proaches to provide shelter options which would include maximum participation of affected households themselves. At the same time, in view of the danger of annual flooding, it has become increasingly important that DRR capabilities are built-in within the new struc- tures to enable the communities to survive within their original habitat during the course of floods. The strategies and approaches to deal with the present crisis must be worked out with a view to enable the affected households to restart their lives immediately after the waters begin to recede, with minimum dislocation, least loss of life and minimum loss of livestock.

In collaboration with DFID and IOM, in October 2011, Heritage Foundation undertook the task of creating a training and implementation framework for innovative architectural/engineering solutions for speedy rehabilitation/reconstruction of shelters, based on DRR cross cutting theme. These methodologies have been developed to enable affected communities, donors and IPOs in undertaking shelter rehabilitation and shelter reconstruction at an accelerated pace. The framework thus developed maximizes participation of households including women by utilizing their own skills and capabilities.

Basis of Lari Strategy

The strategy has been developed by Heritage Foundation CEO Ar. Yasmeen Lari, in the light of research on construction materials and techniques carried out in various districts of Sindh, as well as experience gained in working in post-disaster communities since 2005Earthquake in Northern Pakistan. The approach is based on provision of sustainable and low cost options derived from traditional techniques and participatory mechanisms that would lead to attain- ing immediate shelter by strengthening the capabilities and skills of communities themselves.

Guiding Principles

  • Utilize Heritage and tradition for involvement of communities and for fostering pride and self-confidence.
  • Use sustainable materials to prevent environmental degradation.
  • Use local skills and techniques for speedy delivery.
  • Incorporate DRR-driven Methodologies to withstand next flooding.
  • Utilize Shelter provision for entrée into communities for larger benefits and for initiating women’s economic empowerment strategies.
  • Develop holistic models aiming at MDGs: hygiene, WASH, food security, nutrition, literacy.
  • In the long term develop training modules for implementing partners, volunteers, artisans, and communities.

Guidelines for scaling up and speedy implementation

  • Create an implementation structure for speedy delivery.
  • Establish certification procedures for artisans for production of technically sound vernacular constructions.
  • Form Mobile teams for ease of access to villages.
  • Demonstrate improved vernacular methodologies through prototype/model units.
  • Establish reporting, monitoring and evaluation procedures based on agreed-upon indicators.
  • Establish technical back-Stopper arrangement using internet and technology.
  • Ensure that each unit has certification as a DRR-compliant structure.

Mechanismm

Awareness in DRR measures and sensitivities towards gender empowerment and conflict resolution measures will be built-in in the learning outcomes of the training programme.

Throughout the programme, a mechanism of quality control and certification will be put in place, for which Mobile Barefoot KaravanTeams (MBJT) will be trained for field work and monitoring, in coordination with Heritage control centre (HCC). HCC will develop training modules, technical guidance and information, as well as liaison with CSC, MBKT and Implementing Partners.

For smooth functioning of the project and transparent procedures, the disbursement of funds will be the responsibility of the Imple- menting Partners, and will be distinct from training, monitoring, evaluation and certification, which will be the responsibility of Heritage Foundation..

We are confident that based on improved vernacular construction techniques incorporating DRR methods developed by Heritage Foundation over the years, these sustainable and economical op- tions will provide the critical direction for communities to become strong, self reliant and resilient. The implementation procedures through a process of certification and several monitoring tiers will ensure that all shelters constructed using Heritage Foundation methodology will have strong walls and safe haven KaravanRoofs for safety during next floods. In addition to safety of life, other DRR methodologies being recommended by Heritage Foundation, will provide safety of rations, potable water, livestock and fodder. Such interventions, comprising raised earthen platforms, will also provide the much needed sports and cultural nodes, which we are confident, will lead to transformation in the lives of village communities.

Reports/Publications

  1. icon Technical Training Manual - Build Back Safer with Vernacular Methodologies - 2013.Lowres
  2. icon Build Back Safer with Vernacular Methodologies

Project News

5 Sep 2015

DRR Compliant Karavan Handpumps - PSO and HF program

http://www.heritagefoundationpak.org/BlogPage/68/Newsblog

10 Aug 2015

HF - TIP WOMEN’S ASSEMBLIES TANDO ALLAHYAR

The first Women’s Assembly session was held on 16th Dec, 2014 at Village Mithu Khaskheli and Village Obrayo Durs, Tando Allahyar. The women were introduced to the concepts of the importance of education and the part it plays in the well being of their children.

Location: News Blog

10 Aug 2015

Refresher training workshop at ECO-Village Moak Shareef.

A refresher training workshop was held in village MokShareef, for village master trainers.

 Location: News Blog

4 May 2015

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HF - TIP Children’s Painting Activity, Tando Allahyar

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16 Apr 2015

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UNISDR World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, Sendai, Japan

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26 Jan 2015

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Karavan PakoSwiss Chulah 2 Day Training at Sayani DRR Park, Kot Diji

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1 Dec 2014

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World Habitat Awards 2014-15 – team visit to HF Villages Moak Sharif and Hashim Macchi as well as two IOM-HF Villages in Mirpur Khas

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20 Nov 2014

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IOM Project-Shelter Technical Training, Monitoring and Training on Smokeless Stove; DRR Assembly and Karavan PakoSwiss Chulah Training

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20 Nov 2014

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IOM Project-Shelter Technical Training, Monitoring and Training on Smokeless Stove

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16 Oct 2014

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Global Handwashing Day 2014, held at Kot Diji DRR Park

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18 Aug 2014

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14th August - Independence Day Celebrations held at villages of Tando Allahyar

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2 Jul 2014

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ILO PROJECT - Livelihood restoration & sustainable Empowerment of vulnerable communities - Skills Development Training - Tiba (Platform) Making

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2 Jul 2014

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ILO PROJECT - Livelihood restoration & sustainable Empowerment of vulnerable communities - Skills Development Training - Roof Farming

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2 Jul 2014

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ILO PROJECT - Livelihood restoration & sustainable Empowerment of vulnerable communities - Skills Development Training - Raised Bed Farming

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2 Jul 2014

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ILO PROJECT - Livelihood restoration & sustainable Empowerment of vulnerable communities - Skills Development Training - Organic Soap

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2 Jul 2014

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ILO PROJECT - Livelihood restoration & sustainable Empowerment of vulnerable communities - Skills Development Training - Organic Fertilizer

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19 May 2014

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ILO PROJECT - Livelihood restoration & sustainable Empowerment of vulnerable communities - DRR Training

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9 May 2014

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ILO PROJECT - Livelihood restoration & sustainable Empowerment of vulnerable communities - Training for Lime Slaking

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9 May 2014

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ILO PROJECT - Livelihood restoration & sustainable Empowerment of vulnerable communities - Training for Mud Brick Making

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11 Jul 2013

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Site Report: Rehabilitation of Flood Affected Communities - Supported by Spiritual Chords, South Africa

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29 Jan 2013

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Something's Cookin': smokeless stoves

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22 Oct 2012

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Site Report - Village Shelter Program for Households Affected by Floods

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13 Jul 2012

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Site Report - Monitoring for BBSwVM for IOM Implementing Partners

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13 Jul 2012

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enews - IAP Workshop at Mohak Sharif

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13 Jul 2012

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enews - BBSwVM Technical Training workshop (2nd - 9th June)

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29 Mar 2012

On March 16th, a visit to HF projects in village Mohak Sharif and village Dost Mohammad Khokar in Tandi Allahyar was made by teams of DFID and IOM along with Mr. Mahmood Shah, landlord of Mohak Sharf. Mr. Naheem Shah, PM, HF conducted the teams to the two villages where they were shown the work so far completed including 49 shelters, 46 emergency shelters as well as a 24’x16’ Village Centre and a Women’s Centre.

As of March 12th, a 3-room primary school and a small health facility constructed in Village Darya Khan Shaikh, District Khairpur have been completed. Construction of a 1-room school has been started in Village Uthero. The work in Darya Khan Shaikh and Uthero has been undertaken with support from Swiss Pakistan Society.

As of March 1st, with the completion of 50 emergency shelters in village Dost Mohammad Khokar in District Tando Allahyar to date the following shelters/housing units have been completed:

Village Darya Khan Shaikh & Village Uthero, District Khairpur (March to August 2011) 104
Village Mohak Sharif, District Tando Allahyar (from October to December 2011) 45
In 35 talukas/tehsils of Lower Sindh (October to November 2011) 69
Village Dost Mohammad Khokar, District Tando Allahyar (February 2012) 50
Total completed upto 1 March 2012 268

As of January 15th, construction of the Village Centre completed (size 16’x24’), where a Masters’ Training Programme was conducted by Mr. Saad Khan and Mr. Naheem Shah. A circular ‘Chora’ room of 15’ diameter has also been completed dedicated to gathering of women.